Two years ago according to the projection made by United Nations, the population of India will surpass the world’s most populated country, China.
The most recent updates from Wednesday, surprisingly, reported the change in rate is faster than expected which allows this change to happen by 2020, instead of 2028.
The demographical predictions show India’s population will grow for decades, to 1.5 billion in 2030 and 1.7 billion in 2050 while in China it will be fairly constant until the 2030’s .
Nigeria is going to face the same situation as the seventh-ranked country by population until 2050 moving to the third place and leaving the United States behind. “The concentration of population growth in the poorest countries presents its own set of challenges, making it more difficult to eradicate poverty and inequality, to combat hunger and malnutrition, and to expand educational enrolment and health systems, all of which are crucial to the success of the new sustainable development agenda,” John Wilmoth, director of the population division in the UN’s department of economic and social affairs stated
Despite the decreasing fertility factor, the number of population in the world which is currently 7.3 billion, is expected to be 9.7 billion by 2050, and by the end of the century it could possibly reach 11.2 billion.
The most of this growth is related to high-fertility countries such as India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, the United States, Indonesia and Uganda.
By the end of 2050, China, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan and the US total population are assumed to reach more than 300 million.
Meanwhile, the decline in population is being forecast in countries such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Romania and other European countries. Perhaps, one of the main reasons for lower fertility rates that started decades ago.
While ten years ago, the annual world population growth rate was 1.24% , today, the percentage has dropped to 1.18% – or roughly another 83 million people a year.