In China, couples are allowed to have two children instead of only one child, as the Communist Party aims to double the country’s GDP per capita by 2020, Chinese news agency Xinhua reports.
Xinhua news agency announced the end of the policy in a communique issued by the ruling Communist Party after a four-day meeting of China’s leaders.
— China Xinhua News (@XHNews) October 29, 2015
Chinese experts expect the country’s working population — estimated by the government to be roughly 915 million at the end of 2014 — to drop by around 40 million by 2030.
By 2050, 30 per cent of Chinese will be age 60 or over, the United Nations estimates, versus 20 per cent worldwide and 10 per cent in China in the year 2000.
The policy had in the past been sometimes brutally enforced by officials keen to meet Government quotes on birth control.