On January 13, 1991, Lithuanian protesters formed a human shield to protect a radio and television center from Soviet forces in the capital Vilnius.
Lithuanians remember January 13, 1991, as the day on which more than a dozen people lost their lives for their country’s independence. According to Lithuanian sources, some of the victims were crushed by Soviet tanks and others were shot to death. On that day, Lithuania abandoned the Soviet legacy and embarked on a path leading to democracy and membership in the EU and NATO.
Tbilisi TV Tower is illuminated in yellow, green and red to mark Lithuanian Freedom Defenders’ Day, commemorating victims of Soviet aggression in 1991.