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QUALITY OF GEORGIAN GOVERNMENT – EXPERTISE BY ECONOMIST INTELLIGENCE UNIT

The Center for International Monitoring of Governments has held a forum on the topic: “The Quality of the Georgian Government – Expertise by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)”. The meeting made focus on the report developed by EIU international organization that has evaluated the quality of conduct of various governments worldwide as part of the World Bank’s mega project of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI). The report analyzes the Georgian government’s’ activities in 2013. The report evaluates government’s conduct due to four aggregates:  Government Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality, Rule of Law, Voice and Accountability.

According to these four aggregates, in 2013 the quality of Georgian government’s activities makes the country a regional leader compared to the neighboring countries. According to the EIU report, Georgia runs ahead of several EU member countries in terms of Government Effectiveness aggregate. The country is ahead of even the USA in terms of Regulatory Quality. It should be noted Georgia has earned historical maximum level in terms of Rule of Law and Voice and Accountability.

Lana Ebralidze, a head for the Georgian Office of the Center for International Monitoring of Governments, noted: “EIU expertise is renewed on annual basis. To maintain and develop the achieved success, the Georgian government will have to take many efficient steps in the current and next years. Efficient implementation of the EU associated membership agreement will be a major international challenge for the 2015 government of Georgia”.

With a head office in London, the United Kingdom, the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) is one of the world’s major organizations providing commercial business information. The body unites over 500 reporters and groups of experts worldwide. EIU has joined the World Bank’s mega project of The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) as an organization developing reports on states and international expertise.

Government Effectiveness Level

Georgian government runs ahead of 11 EU Governments 

Government Effectiveness

Quality of bureaucracy / institutional effectiveness

Excessive bureaucracy / red tape

EIU has appraised the government effectiveness by such criteria as the quality of state bureaucracy and institutional efficiency.

According to the EIU report, in 2013 the Georgian government’s effectiveness level marked 62.5%, up by 5% compared to the averaged indicator of the last 7 years (2006 to 2012). Georgia’s 2013 government is a regional leader in terms of effectiveness and is ahead of the neighboring countries (Turkey, Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan). At the same time, the indicator has grown by 66% compared to 2006. The first ten top countries in terms of government effectiveness level in 2013 are as follows:

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Georgia ranks 33rd in the rating and runs ahead of 11 EU member countries, including Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, Greece, Croatia, Italy, Romania and Bulgaria. At the same time, Georgia stayed on the same level as EU member countries such as Spain, Ireland, Luxemburg, Slovenia and Slovakia

Regulatory Quality

Georgian Government is head of USA in terms of Regulatory Quality

Regulatory Quality

Unfair competitive practices

Price controls

Discriminatory tariffs

Excessive protections

Discriminatory taxes

EIU has assessed governments in terms of Regulatory Quality indicator in such economic directions as honest competition practice, regulations of prices, discriminating tariffs, excessive protections, discriminatory taxes. Under the EIU report, Georgia’s government regulatory quality indicator makes up 70% under 100% scales. In 2013 Georgia is a regional leader in terms of regulatory quality indicator and is ahead of Turkey, Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Ukraine. The ten top countries in terms of regulatory quality indictor in 2013 are as follows:

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Georgia ranks 51st in the rating and is ahead of such EU member countries as Slovakia and Croatia. The country stays at the same of level of such EU member states as Czech Republic and Bulgaria. The country is little behind of Greece, Romania, Poland and Slovenia. It should be also noted Georgia is a little ahead of the USA in terms of the 2013 Regulatory Quality Indicator.

Rule of Law

Georgia Records Historical Maximum in terms of Rule of Law Indicator

Rule of Law

Violent crime

Organized crime

Fairness of judicial process

Enforceability of contracts

Speediness of judicial process

Confiscation/expropriation

Intellectual property rights protection

Private property protection

EIU has assessed governments in terms of Rule of Law in such fields as violent crime, organized crime, Fairness of judicial process, Enforceability of contracts

Speediness of judicial process, Confiscation/expropriation, Intellectual property rights protection.

According to the EIU report, in the last 8 years Georgia’s Rule of Law indicator reached its maximum in 2013 and made up 53.1%, up 4.2% compared to the 2006 to 2012 period. In 2013 Georgia runs ahead of all countries of the regions (Russia, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Ukraine). In 2013 the Rule of Law indicator grew by 21.4% compared to 2006. The above table shows the indicator has recorded major growth in Georgia since 2006 in the Region. The ten top countries in terms of Rule of Law are as follows:

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Georgia ranks 69th in the rating and stays at the same level of EU member countries such as Croatia and Bulgaria and the country is a little behind of Italy and Romania.

Voice and Accountability

Georgia Emerges a Regional Leader in terms of Government’s Accountability

Voice and Accountability

Democracy Index

Vested interests

Accountability of Public Officials

Human Rights

Freedom of association

EIU has assessed governments in terms of Voice and Accountability in such criteria as Democracy Index, Vested interests, Accountability of Public Officials, Human Rights

and Freedom of associations.

According to the EIU report, in 2013 Georgia’s Voice and Accountability indicator marked 58%, up7% compared to the 2006 to 2012 period. In 2012 the indicators stood at 56%, down 2% compared to the 2013 indicator. In 2013 Georgia was ahead of Russia, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Ukraine.

The ten top countries in terms of the 2013 indicator are as follows:

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Georgia ranks 66th in the rating and is ahead of Romania and is a little behind of Bulgaria and Croatia.