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GEORGIAN GOVERNMENT’S MANAGEMENT QUALITY (INTERNATIONAL FINAL EXPERTISE)

On October 23 Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University hosted the forum of Georgian Government’s Management Quality – International Final  Expertise (Problems and Challenges). The forum was organized by the TSU Center for Analysis and Prognosis.

The forum discussed a governments assessment report prepared under the World Bank’s project Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI).

Totally the report covers the 1996 to 2013 period and unites six aggregates for evaluation of Governments in about 200 countries and territories worldwide.

These aggregates are:

  1. Voice and Accountability, 2. Political Stability and Absence of Violence, 3. Government Effectiveness, 4. Regulatory Quality, 5. Rule of Law, and 6. Control of Corruption

Under the report, in 2013 the Georgian government  improved action quality in four aggregates of the above six ones compared to 2012, while the Georgian government’s action quality in the remaining three directions (Voice and Accountability; Political Stability and Absence of Violence; Control of Corruption) has been valued as a new historical maximum level.

A WGI report is developed on the ground of expertise conclusions of about 30 leading international organizations such as:

ADB African Development Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments

AFR Afrobarometer

ASD Asian Development Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments

BPS Business Enterprise Environment Survey

BTI Bertelsmann Transformation Index

CCR Freedom House Countries at the Crossroads

EBR European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Transition Report

EIU Economist Intelligence Unit Riskwire & Democracy Index

FRH Freedom House

GCB Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer Survey

GCS World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report

GII Global Integrity Index

GWP Gallup World Poll

HER Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom

HUM Cingranelli Richards Human Rights Database and Political Terror Scale

IFD IFAD Rural Sector Performance Assessments

IJT iJET Country Security Risk Ratings

IPD Institutional Profiles Database

IRP IREEP African Electoral Index

LBO Latinobarometro

MSI International Research and Exchanges Board Media Sustainability Index

OBI International Budget Project Open Budget Index

PIA World Bank Country Policy and Institutional Assessments

PRC Political Economic Risk Consultancy Corruption in Asia Survey

PRS Political Risk Services International Country Risk Guide

RSF Reporters Without Borders Press Freedom Index

TPR US State Department Trafficking in People report

VAB Vanderbilt University Americas Barometer

WCY Institute for Management and Development World Competitiveness Yearbook

WJP World Justice Project Rule of Law Index

WMO Global Insight Business Conditions and Risk Indicators

Voice and Accountability

Voice and Accountability : „Reflects perceptions of the extent to which a country’s citizens are able to participate in selecting their government, as well as freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media.“

Under the WGI report, Georgia’s Voice and Accountability indicator for 2013 significantly exceeds the averaged indicator of the previous 9 years (2004 to 2012).

According the to WGI, in 2012, when three quarters of the year were controlled by the United National Movement and the last one was controlled by the Georgian Dream, the  Voice and Accountability indicator stood at 49.76%, down 4.74% compared to the 2013 indicator.

According to the WGI, Georgia’s Accountability indicator in 2013  is up 27.6% compared to the same period of 2011 (when the United National Movement controlled Georgia for all four quarters for the last time), that is up by 11.78 percentage point.

Under the 2013 Accountability indicator, Georgia runs ahead of all   countries in the Region (Russia, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Ukraine).

 The comparison of Accountability Indicators of the neighboring countries and Ukraine is given in the table below.

According to the WGI, in 2013 the first ten top countries due to the volume of the mentioned indicator are as follows:

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Georgia occupies 97th place in the rating, but remains at a little distance from such countries of the European Union as Bulgaria and Romania.

 

Political Stability and Absence of Violence

Political Stability and Absence of Violence : „Reflects perceptions of the likelihood that the government will be destabilized or overthrown by unconstitutional or violent means, including politically-motivated violence and terrorism.“

According to the WGI project, in 2013 Georgia’s Political Stability and Absence of Violence indicator exceeds the averaged indicator of the previous 9 years (2004 to2012) by 8.62% and stands at 30.81%.

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According to the WGI, the indicator stood at 24.64% in 2012, when the three quarters of the year were controlled by the United National Movement and the last one was controlled by the Georgian Dream. The figure is down 6.16% compared to 2013.

According to the WGI report, Georgia’s Political Stability and Absence of Violence indicator in 2013 exceeds the 2011 same indicator (when the country was entirely rued by the National Movement for the last time) by 3.92%.

In 2013 Georgia runs ahead of all countries in the Region in terms of Political Stability and Absence of Violence (Russia, Turkey and Ukraine), except Armenia and Azerbaijan.

According to the WGI, in 2013 the first ten top countries due to the mentioned indicator are as follows:

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 Because of the last political unrest, Georgia ranks 147th in the rating, but it should be noted this indicator shows growth tendency by 56% upturn since 2004.

Government effectiveness

Government Effectiveness: „Reflects perceptions of the quality of public services, the quality of the civil service and the degree of its independence from political pressures, the quality of policy formulation and implementation, and the credibility of the government’s commitment to such policies.“

According to the WGI project, in 2013 Georgia’s Government Effectiveness indicator exceeds the 9 years’ averaged indicator (2004 to 2012) by 12.32% and stands at 69.38%.

According to the WGI, the indicator stood at 69.86% in 2012, when three quarters of the year were controlled by the United National Movement and the last one was controlled by the Georgian Dream, up by about 1% compared to 2013.

According to the WGI reports, Georgia’s Government Effectiveness indicator for  2013  exceeds the indicators of all previous years, except 2012, while the indicator exceeds the 2011 one (when the country was entirely ruled  by the United National Movement for the last time) by 0.27%.

In 2013 Georgia is ahead of the regional countries in terms of Government Effectiveness (Turkey, Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Ukraine). Moreover, the country runs ahead of several European Union member countries due to the same indictor, including Italy, Romania and Bulgaria.

The table below demonstrates Georgia’s Government Effectiveness for 2013 runs ahead of all the regional countries. Moreover, since 2004 Georgia has shown major upturn in Government Effectiveness (the figure has nearly doubled) compared to the neighboring countries.

According to the WGI, the first ten top countries due to volume of the mentioned indicator are as follows:

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Georgia ranks 65th in the rating and is ahead of such EU member counties as Italy, Greece, Romania and Bulgaria, and with small percentage it falls behind Hungary, Croatia, Poland, Slovakia and Lithuania.

 

Regulatory Quality

Regulatory Quality : „Reflects perceptions of the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development.“

According to the World Bank’s project WGI, in 2013 Georgia’s Regulatory Quality indicator exceeds the 9 years’ averaged indicator (2004 to 2012) by 14.65% and stands at 73.68%.

Georgia runs ahead of all countries in the Region (Turkey, Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Ukraine) in terms of the 2013 Regulatory Quality indicator.

According to the WGI, the ten top countries due to the volume of the mentioned indicator in are as follows:

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Georgia occupies the 56th place in the rating and runs ahead of such EU member states as Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Slovenia and with small percentage it falls behind Italy, Portugal and Hungary.

Rule of Law

Rule of Law : „Reflects perceptions of the extent to which agents have confidence in and abide by the rules of society, and in particular the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, the police, and the courts, as well as the likelihood of crime and violence.“

According to the World Bank’s project WGI, in 2013 Georgia’s Rule of Law indicator exceeds the 9 years’ averaged indicator (2004 to 2012) by 9.09% and stands at 53.55%.

According to the WGI, for the last 10 years Georgia’s highest Rule of Law indicator was recorded in 2012, when three quarters of the year were controlled by the United National Movement and the last one was controlled by the Georgian Dream. According to the WGI report, Georgia’s 2013 indicator exceeds indicators of all previous years, except 2012, while the 2013 indicator exceeds the 2011 indicator  (when the country was entirely ruled  by the United National Movement) by 2.38%.

Georgia runs ahead of all countries in the region, except Turkey, in terms of Rule of Law indicator (Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Ukraine). It should be also noted Turkey runs ahead of Georgia by only 2.37%.

The table shows Georgia’s 72% significant upturn since 2004 in terms of Rule of Law indicator compared to the other countries.

According to the WGI, the ten top countries due to the volume of the Rule of Law indicator in 2013 are as follows:

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Georgia occupies the 99th place in the rating and runs ahead of Bulgaria, one of the leading EU member states, but comes a little behind  Romania, Croatia and Italy.

Control of Corruption

Control of Corruption: „Reflects perceptions of the extent to which public power is exercised for private gain, including both petty and grand forms of corruption, as well as “capture” of the state by elites and private interests.“

According to the World Bank’s project WGI, in 2013 Georgia’s Control of Corruption indicator exceeds the 9 years’ averaged indicator (2004 to 2012) by 14.97% and stands at 66.51%.  It should be noted the indicator marked 64.11% in 2012, when three quarters of the year were controlled by the United National Movement and the last one was controlled by Georgian Dream, down 2.39% compared to 2013. According to the WGI report, the 2013 indicator exceeds the 2011 one (when the country was ruled entirely by National Movement) by 9.64%. Georgian government runs ahead of all counties in the Region in terms of the 2013 Control of corruption indictor (Turkey, Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Ukraine).

The table demonstrates Georgia’s significant upturn in the indicator since 2004   (doubled or tripled) compared to the other countries.

According to WGI, the ten top countries due to the volume of the mentioned indicator of 2013 are as follows:

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Georgia occupies the 71st place in the rating, and runs ahead of such member states of the European Union as Italy, Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Latvia, Czech Republic and Slovakia and with small percentage it falls behind Lithuania and Poland.